OF SHRI GURU RAVI DASS ji
Shri Guru Ravidass ji was born in the 14th century (1377 most
of the scholars says ) at kanshi (Vanaras), Uttar Pradesh
in India, in a humble family of Baba Santokh Dass ji being
as father and Mata Kalsa Devi ji as mother.
Since early childhood, Guru Ravidassji was very much inclined
to spirituality.Guruji used to go to attend holy discourses and
showed great respect and devotion to holy men. This worried guruji's
parents and they tried to divert his attention by engaging him
in their family profession of shoe making and repairing.Guruji
learned the profession, yet his love and devotion for God continued
undiminished.With a view to make him more interested in worldly
affairs, his father got him married to Mata Lona Devi at an early
age.But even then it didn't change his attitude or his behaviour.Now
thoroughly disgusted, his father separated him from the family
and asked them to manage their own affairs without taking him
to partake of the legitimate share of the family proprty. He was
made to stay in the backyard of his house.
According to Ravidass Puran Guru Ravidass ji had a son
At the time of Guru Ravidass ji the social system was very cruel
and the low caste people were not allowed to go the temples for
prayer, to schools for study, to enter into villages in a daylight
and were forced to live in huts far away rather than in houses
in village. Since childhood Guruji had a spiritual mind, spiritual
thinking and complete devotion to search the real God from the
cruel world, who gave him only obstacles to achieve his goals
of spreading the Gods message of being everybody
equal in all respects, irrespective of caste, color or a belief
in any form of God and to spread a message that "God created
man and not man created God". Guru Ravidass Ji gave teachings
on the lessons of universal brotherhood and tolerance.
Influenced by Guru Ravidass's teachings, the Maharaja and the
Rani of Chittor became disciples of Guru Ravidass. The famous
saint poetess, Mirabai, also became a disciple of Guru Ravidass.
Guru Ravidass ji disappeared from this planet, leaving behind
only his footprints in 1527.
Contribution to Sikhism
The 41 hymns of Shri Guru Ravidass ji included in the Guru Granth
Sahib fall under:
Raga - Siri(1), Gauri (5), Asa(6), Gujari(1), Sorath(7), Dhanasari(3),
Jaitsari(1), Suhi(3), Bilaval(2), Gaund(2), Ramkali(1), Maru(2),
Kedara(1), Bhairau(1), Basant(1), and Malhar(3). one with slight
variations is given in both Rag Sorath and rag Maru.